The American Institute of Architectus New York Chapter - eOculus: Eye on New York Architecture and Calendar of Events

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Editor, Jessica SheridanDan Hillman • Mauricio Alexander • Linda G. Miller • Carolyn Sponza, AIA



Winka Dubbeldam's Organismic Shapes


Preservationists Win Big in Far West Village | Federal Courthouse & Post Office Restored in Brooklyn | Buildings Scrape Sky in Bangalore | Sustainability is Elementary, Watson | W Hotels Say Hola to Chile | Cities are Focus of Biennale di Venezia | Building Permits Skyrocket in Gotham

Designs Sprout Students' Green Roof Plans | New NCARB Grant Program Stresses Innovation





ASLA Student Awards | Shoot It Down! | Architecture and the Mail | Best Firm to Work For Contest | National Design-Build Awards Competition | Southbank Architectural Competition


At the Center for Architecture
Light | Energy | Impact: The Legacy of Richard Kelly | Materialized Light: PadLab | Southpoint: from Ruin to Rejuvenation—ENYA International Ideas Competition Exhibition | Barcelona In Progress

About Town
Disappeared & Endangered | Learning from Disaster: New Orleans after Katrina | Progress | Eames Lounge Chair | Matali Crasset | Best of Friends: Fuller & Noguchi | Green House: New Directions in Sustainable Architecture & Design | Cooper Union's End of Year Show | From Wood to Architecture

Click the above link to go to to eCalendar on the Web.



Editor's Note: Please welcome e-O's new column, "Digging Deeper," devoted to critical analyses of architectural work intended to spark theoretical conversation. Also, e-O is establishing direct links with experts on current concerns affecting architects. Robert Lopez, RA, Executive Secretary to the NYS Board for Architecture and Landscape Architecture in the NYS Education Department's Office of Professions, has agreed to answer questions regarding tough new CEU requirements that went into effect in January. E-mail with your questions, and read the Editor's Soapbox for more information.


New Boundaries
By Annie Kurtin

(l-r): Thom Mayne, FAIA; Miguel Angel Cortes; Mark Strauss, FAIA; Terence Riley, AIA
Rick Bell, FAIA

Metropol Parasol, Sevilla, Spain
J Mayer H.

Event: In Process: Contemporary Architectural Practice in Spain
Speaker: Arsenio Perez Amaral, Corona y P. Amaral; Carlos Arroyo Zapetero, architect, winner of Europan 6 prize; Miguel Angel Cortes, former Ministry of Culture of Spain; Jurgen Mayer H., Jurgen Mayer H. Architects; Thom Mayne, FAIA, Morphosis; Terence Riley, AIA, Director, Miami Art Museum
Organizers: AIA NY Chapter, Museum of Modern Art
Location: Center for Architecture, 04.22.06

New York City can learn from Spain's approach to public policy and the role the City can play in commissioning and investing in open space, design, and cultural amenities to spur private investments. "Spain is a lucky country," according to German architect Jurgen Mayer H. It places a premium on engaging the public through the creation of public, open space. Furthermore, it has recognized the importance of these spaces and their essential function in the life of its cities.

Bringing together both emerging voices in the field of architecture in Spain such as Carlos Arroyo Zapatero, a winner of the Europan 6 prize, with more established figures such as Thom Mayne, FAIA, of Morphosis, and Terence Riley, AIA, former chief curator of architecture and design at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, now the director of the Miami Art Museum, for the first time the Center for Architecture partnered with MoMA for a full-day symposium. To accompany the Barcelona in Progress exhibition at the Center and On-Site: New Architecture in Spain at MoMA, the individual presentations and panel discussions addressed the relationship between academia and practice; the role of competitions in engendering built projects; and the interchange between the public and private sectors.

Constructions of Light: 2006 Design Awards
By Bill Millard

Architecture Jury (l-r): Ales Vodopivec; Natalye Appel, FAIA; Moshe Safdie, FAIA
Kristen Richards

Interior Architecture Jury (l-r): Ammar Eloueini; David Salmela, FAIA; Jeffrey Hoover, AIA
Kristen Richards

Projects Jury (l-r): Carol Herselle Krinsky (moderator); Odile Decq; Raymond Huff, AIA; Alan J. Plattus
Kristen Richards

Event: Design Awards Symposium 2006
Speakers: Mark Strauss, FAIA, AICP, President AIANY; Lorenzo Pagnamenta, AIA, chair, Design Awards Committee; moderator Carol Herselle Krinsky, PhD; jurors Natalye Appel, FAIA, Natayle Appel + Associates Architects, LLC; Odile Decq, Odile Decq + Benoît Cornette; Ammar Eloueini, AEDS; Jeffrey Hoover, Tappe Associates; Raymond Huff, Huff + Gooden; Moshe Safdie, FAIA, Moshe Safdie and Associates Inc.; David Salmela, FAIA, David Salmela Architect; Alan Plattus, Yale University; Ales Vodopivec, University of Ljubljana
Organizers: AIA New York Chapter
Location: Center for Architecture, 05.08.06

Light and spacious designs dominated the AIA New York Chapter 2006 Design Awards in Architecture, Interior Architecture, and Projects. In the presentations and discussions, led by Prof. Carol Herselle Krinsky of NYU, the jurors stressed the ever-cogent appeal of large-scale fenestration, light color palettes, and a resilient modernist composition. Thirty projects from a total of 348 entries received Honor, Merit, and Citation Awards.

The Architecture Honor Award went to the revamped Morgan Library and Museum, a collaboration between Renzo Piano Building Workshop and Beyer Blinder Belle Architects & Planners. Harmonizing the three-part modernist expansion with the existing structure while containing expanded functions within a consistent and site-appropriate building height, the addition brings natural light into a largely underground volume. Attention to sustainability marked Skidmore, Owings & Merrill's 7 World Trade Center in the Architecture Merit Awards category. Adaptive-reuse characterized OpenOffice arts + architecture collaboration with Robert Irwin for Dia:Beacon, and J.M. Lin Architect's Taiwan Foundation for Democracy. The desert slabs of Steven Holl Architect's Planar House channeled the ghost of the Mies Barcelona Pavilion; and a pair of houses by Voorsanger Architects demonstrated the grace and drama of vast glass surfaces.

Honors in Interior Architecture went to Gabellini Sheppard Associates for the Top of the Rock at Rockefeller Center. With a ribbon staircase spiraling around a stalactite-like chandelier, Top of the Rock updates the original Art Deco design and creates continuity between past and present sculptural elements.

The top prize among Projects was shared by Kevin Kennon Architect's The Incubator Project and Morphosis's NYC 2012 plan for an Olympic Village. Jurors commented on the innovative integration with both projects' sites. SOM's Bridging the Rift Center, a life-science library seated directly on the Israel-Jordan border, an attempt to advance international harmony through scientific inquiry, obtained a Project Merit Award. The Guggenheim Museum Guadalajara by TEN Arquitectos, placing a tower at the city's edge above a gorge; and Zakrzewski + Hyde's Artbox, a portable cardboard "instant gallery," the competition's only entry with explicit political and theoretical implications both obtained Citations.

Bill Millard is a freelance writer and editor whose work has appeared in Oculus, Icon, Content, and other publications.

Next West Side Story
By Gregory Haley, AIA, AICP

Aerial view of the approved Hudson Yards.

Event: Architecture as Public Policy: The Far West Side
Speakers: Keynote: Lynne Sagalyn, School of Design and The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania; Panel Discussion "Policy & Development:" moderator Vishaan Chakrabarti, AIA, The Related Companies; Andrew Winters, Director of Capitol Project Development, Office of the Deputy Mayor for Economic Development and Rebuilding; Ann Weisbrod, director, Hudson Yards Development Corporation; Anna Hayes Levin, co-chair, The Clinton/Hell's Kitchen Land Use Committee, Community Board 4; Eric Deutsch, president, Alliance for Downtown New York; Case Studies "Open Space and Transportation:" moderator Margaret Castillo, AIA, Helpern Architects; Tom Jost, Field Operations; Jeffrey Holmes, AIA, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill; Beth Greenberg, AIA, Dattner Architects
Organizers: AIA New York Chapter
Sponsors: AIA New York Chapter
Location: Center for Architecture, 05.06.06

The far West Side—a "nexus of activity" between Chelsea, midtown, and the 8th Ave. corridor—is primed for development, according to Lynne Sagalyn, but the goals and priorities of its plans are not clear. The current local context, along with the future of the area within larger city goals must be considered. Eric Deutsch, supporting the area's projected need for office development as a means of maintaining Manhattan's competitive edge, believes development is needed to offset the trend of converting office space to residential uses. Conversely, Anna Hayes Levin of Community Board 4, while in favor of development, emphasizes the need to provide affordable housing and open space, and a desire to minimize property condemnation.

Within the framework of a large plan, the Dattner Architects design for the No. 7 Subway Line Extension, Field Operations and Diller Scofido + Renfro's plans for the High Line, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill's Pennsylvania Station Redevelopment/James A. Farley Post Office, and the street infrastructure development by the Hudson Yards Infrastructure Corporation, all provide incentives for future private development. However, while acknowledging the importance of these projects to the success of the new West Side, Sagalyn believes that in this situation "the catalyst is Manhattan."

Gregory Haley AIA, AICP, is a project architect and urban designer at Studio V Architects, New York, and has taught architectural design studios at NYIT School of Architecture.

UN and WTC Construct Architectures of Peace
By Aileen Iverson, RA

The unadorned UN headquarters represents new world order during a war torn era.
Jessica Sheridan, Assoc. AIA

Event: Presentation of the film "A Workshop for Peace" and Panel Discussion
Speakers: Peter Rosen, Filmmaker; Thaddeus Crapster, UN Architect; Steven Holl, AIA, Steven Holl Architects; Susan Farkas, Chief Radio and TV Service UN Department of Public Information
Organizers: AIA Historic Building Committee, AIA NY International Committee
Location: Center for Architecture, 05.05.06

The United Nations headquarters was to symbolize a new world order in which a unilateral government presided over its international citizens. The architecture, intended as a symbol of this universal society, was a product of international collaboration. The formal language broke from the past using unadorned forms—historically neutral and geometrically pure. The film, "A Workshop for Peace," documents the collaborative efforts of 11 internationally renowned architects in the design of the UN.

Whether or not architecture is capable of building a vision of the future in a post-war society is a basis for critiquing the World Trade Center rehabilitation along similar lines. Can you reclaim—physically, spiritually, and economically—what was lost in the unprecedented terrorist attack? The problem with creating a symbol combining capitalistic enterprise with personal freedom takes shape largely in an architecture of politics individual celebrities find neither the ability for collaboration nor a united vision of a collective future.

Aileen Iverson, RA, is an architect practicing in New York.

From Amoeba through Zebra
By Carolyn Sponza, AIA

A leaf can provide insight into self-sustaining building.
Carolyn Sponza, AIA

Event: BIOMIMICRY: Innovation Inspired by Nature
Speaker: Janine Benyus, biologist, writer, and co-founder the Biomimicry Guild
Organizers: Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
Location: Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, 05.09.06

Future plans to engage designers include a database of biological phenomena, cross-referenced against engineering terms, which will allow the natural spectrum to act as a reference for continued design innovations was the topic of biologist Janine Benyus's lecture, "BIOMIMICRY."

The human race is facing an "evolutionary knothole," and technology should be "looking for splinters," argued Benyus as she illustrated how incremental technological advances taken from natural processes are changing the built world. Benyus predicts that natural principles could prove self-sustaining when applied to the building industry.

Prefacing her talk with the idea that a product or building solution could be "a chimera of products from many different organisms," Benyus outlined the three characteristics defining her methodology—mimicking form (design), process (how something is made), and ecosystems (how the pieces fit together). Architectural examples include using the model of a tree under stress to determine how to streamline building structure by providing denser materials only in areas of anticipated loading. Current research in self-ventilating systems uses termite nests as a model for air-cooled building cladding. The water and dirt-shedding capabilities of leaves are being used in design of self-cleaning paint and roofing tile products, all currently on the market.

Motion and Abstraction Deemed Unstable
By Aaron Slodounik

The movement of fish determines the shape of the fish tank in Finding Meiosis.
Courtesy MAD Architectural Design Studio

In the Holocaust Education Resource Center, a patterned wall references paper cuts produced during the Holocaust.
Courtesy WilliamsonWilliamson

Event: Young Architects Forum: Instability
Speakers: Yansong Ma and Yosuke Hayano, MAD Architectural Design Studio, Ann Arbor/Beijing; Betsy and Shane Williamson, WilliamsonWilliamson, Toronto
Organizers: The Architectural League of New York
Location: The Urban Center, 04.27.06

Architectural forms inspired by fluidity and movement typifies the work of MAD Architectural Design Studio, and the permutations of form drive the designs of WilliamsonWilliamson. Both evoke this year's Young Architects Forum theme: instability.

In Finding Meiosis, an installation for the 2004 Beijing Architecture Biennial, MAD Architectural Design Studio designed a curvilinear fish tank based on the recorded movement of fish. For the design proposal of the Guangzhou Twin Tower (West Tower) competition, a doubled-over tower allows for twice the variety of programmatic elements and horizontal circulation when compared to a conventional skyscraper.

WilliamsonWilliamson uses random mathematical processes and digital modeling to create iterative forms. The 184 unique cubic shapes that comprise the proposed Pentagon Memorial were derived by manipulating a single form. Joined by a common derivative process, the units can either be dispersed throughout the world or form one greater whole. In the proposal for a Holocaust Education Resource Center at the University of Maine, a series of algorithms takes on symbolic significance in a patterned wall referencing the traditional Jewish paper cuts on display.

Aaron Slodounik is a freelance art and architecture writer and an executive assistant at FXFOWLE ARCHITECTS, PC.

A 21st Century Weissenhofsiedlung
By Jessica Sheridan, Assoc. AIA

Architecture and agriculture work together in the Sociopolis.
Courtesy AIANY Committee on the Environment

Event: Sociopolis: A Prototype for an Advanced Urban Development in Spain with Vicente Guallart
Speaker: Vicente Guallart, architect
Organizers: AIA NY Chapter Committee on the Environment (COTE)
Location: Center for Architecture, 05.02.06

Successful systems lead to thriving cities, argued Spanish architect Vicente Guallart. Architecture and landscape must work together as a unit through a network of infrastructure, agriculture, and building. Sociopolis attempts to create this symbiosis in Valencia and develop a new prototype for the 21st century city. Using the Deutsche Werkbund's 1927 Weissenhofsiedlung in Stuttgart as a model, 13 international architects—including Toyo Ito & Associates, MVRDV, Greg Lynn FORM, among others—were asked to submit aspects of Sociopolis's urban plan to create a model society relevant to current ways of living.

Using the existing agricultural pattern to determine plots, housing is arranged around the perimeter of the site leaving the interior open to agriculture and sports fields. Cars access the housing on a road that circumnavigates the site. An athletic path connects buildings weaving through the landscape along old irrigation lines revitalized to service the grounds. Institutional centers are located in restored existing buildings dispersed throughout the site. This self-sufficient community is expected to contribute to the landscape according to agricultural needs. Developers who agree to grow food and maintain a plot of land are given a percentage of a building that can be sold to residents.

Guallart's Sharing Tower, featured in MoMA's recent "On Site: New Architecture in Spain" exhibition, consists of an art and performance center, as well as apartments for young, single inhabitants. Each floor has eight apartments with shared amenities (including laundry, for example). Guallart intends to create "living environments," giving the population a sense of identity with its community.

Installation Spawns Change
By Paul M. Davis

Courtesy Municipal Art Society

Event: System Wien with author Lebbeus Woods, Urban Center Books Program
Speaker: Lebbeus Woods
Organizers: Municipal Art Society with Urban Center Books
Location: Urban Center, 05.02.06

A team of performance artists set forth on the orderly streets of Vienna's historic core last year armed with long, thin aluminum rods bent at seemingly random angles. Sent by Lebbeus Woods, architect and founder of the Research Institute for Experimental Architecture (RIEA), the performers arranged the rods at various locations throughout the city. This performance took place over several weeks as part of the Woods's "System Wien" installation, commissioned by Vienna's Museum of Applied Arts.

Disenchanted with budgetary and typological limitations in architecture firms, Woods shifted his attention to writing and experimental drawing. He found inspiration in war-ravaged, post-siege locations, such as Sarajevo, that offer lessons to the "ordered" world. His drawings explore those lessons establishing a formal vocabulary of fragments and fields in place of grids and objects.

System Wien further explores the theme of formal crisis through layered transformation. Woods argues, "The crisis of Vienna is that there is no crisis, that the city is too ordered." Installing contorted rods throughout the city, arranged by others, redistributes energy to instigate change.

Paul M. Davis is a project designer at Belmont Freeman Architects.



Winka Dubbeldam's Organismic Shapes—the Actual and Compositional
By Saf Fahim

The armor of the GT House indicates shelter.
Courtesy Archi-tectonics

Public and private realms are layered in the Wooster Street loft.
Courtesy Archi-tectonics

Programmatic elements are sliced and pivoted in the Wooster Street loft.
Courtesy Archi-tectonics

Note: This article was written in response to widespread curiosity following Winka Dubbeldam's lecture, "Phoronomic Shapes," for the Architectural Dialogue Committee lecture series 05.17.05.

Winka Dubbeldam's work represents a predominantly late 20th century European point of view. Fundamentally, this view is illuminated by a methodological approach advocating experiments over pre-assumed theoretical thesis. Traces of this ideology are found across the spectrum in the arts; examples include the work of the late French philosopher Jacques Derrida, Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas, and recent work of American architect Peter Eisenman, FAIA (content of the Eisenman lecture is available on the Architectural Dialogue Committee website).

Two of Dubbeldam's projects, the GT House and the Wooster Street loft, give insight on the impact of two characteristically different residential sites through process, program, and tectonics.

The GT house is located on a desolate lake in upstate New York. The fundamental diagram demonstrates an organic armor inspired by a rugged site. The armor, occupying the center of the house, is surrounded by a general volume and then wrapped by a single skin, the roof, and the exterior walls. The skin illustrates an elemental enclosure suggesting shelter. The Wooster Street loft in Soho, invokes a sense of home through a layered series of floating membranes housing '"singled-out objects."




Effective in January, the NYS Board of Regents redefined what counts and does not count in fulfilling continuing education (CEU) requirements, and clarified what is unacceptable, leaving many architects in confusion. To explain these changes, Robert Lopez, RA, Executive Secretary to the NYS Board for Architecture and Landscape Architecture in the NYS Education Department's Office of Professions, visited the Center for Architecture May 10 and contributed an article in the Spring issue of Oculus magazine (p. 51) called, "Continuing Education Requirements for Architects: Clarifying the Changes."

Some of the discrepancies between AIA requirements and Board of Education requirements lie in their respective constituencies—the Board of Education is an advocate for the public and clients' needs while the AIA is an advocate for architects. Many architects believe that some of the subjects that have been outlawed should count for continuing education credit (marketing and public relations, and real estate and development seem to be the most debated subjects). The full outline of continuing education requirements as defined by the Office of the Professions is available online.

Lopez has agreed to answer members' questions using e-Oculus as the vehicle. Do you agree with the new requirements? Are you confused about seeming discrepancies within the system? Please write to Questions will be collected and selected answers included in an upcoming issue.



Preservationists Win Big in Far West Village
In 1963, Jane Jacobs advocated designation of the Far West Village. Following an intense campaign by preservationists, particularly the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation (GVSHP), the Landmarks Preservation Commission (LPC) unanimously approved expanding the designation three blocks west of the existing 1969 Greenwich Village Historic District and creating a new Weehawken Street Historic District. This designation follows last fall's downzoning of the Far West Village, the landmark protection of several blocks and buildings in the area, and the 2003 designation of the Gansevoort Market Historic District in the meatpacking district.

Federal Courthouse and Post Office Restored in Brooklyn

U.S. Post Office and Courthouse
Courtesy R.M. Kliment & Frances Halsband Architects
Under the auspices of the General Services Administration (GSA) Design Excellence Program, R. M. Kliment & Frances Halsband Architects has completed work on the historic U.S. Post Office and Courthouse in downtown Brooklyn. The original 1892 Romanesque Revival-style building and its matching 1933 extension are on the National Register of Historic Places and are a part of the Brooklyn Civic Center. In addition to four renovated courtrooms, two new courtrooms were added to the 1933 building. The 575,000-square-foot complex, 490,000 of which has been restored and adaptively reused, houses the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, the U.S. Postal Service, the U.S. Attorney's Office, and the U.S. Trustee.

Buildings Scrape Sky in Bangalore

Brigade Gateway retail/dining area
Courtesy HOK
At 128 meters high, the Brigade Gateway will be the tallest building in Bangalore. The 31-story tower is designed with large "International Style" floorplates measuring 35,000 square feet and a unique curtain wall system. The tower is part of a mixed-use urban complex designed and master planned by the New York office of HOK. Plans for the 40-acre site also call for a 600,000-square-foot retail and dining center, a 300-room hotel and conference facility, a neighborhood for over 10,000 residents, and other civic, educational, health, and entertainment facilities, gardens, and plazas.

Sustainability Is Elementary, Watson

Hamilton Avenue School
Courtesy Swanke Hayden Connell Architects
Contemporary sustainable features in the Hamilton Avenue School include geothermal wells, daylighting/top-lighting, displacement ventilation, and a super-insulated enclosure. This $25 million primary school in Greenwich, CT, designed by Swanke Hayden Connell Architects is scheduled for completion at the beginning of the school year September, 2007. The project consists of 60,000 square feet of new construction along with a partial restoration and reuse of a 1938 building with an additional 16,000 square feet of space. The existing brick and stone school with a slate roof and copula, complements that of neighboring buildings.

W Hotels Say Hola to Chile

W Santiago
Courtesy Handel Architects
Scheduled to open in 2008, W Santiago will be the brand's first hotel in South America and its fifth international following Barcelona, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Dubai. Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc., the parent company of the W, in a joint venture with the Territoria Group, are planning a 205-room hotel as part of a larger mixed-use building containing retail and office space. Gary Handel, AIA, of Handel Architects, will design the new hotel, which will include the signature W Living Room, Bliss Spa, and 37,000 square feet of meeting space.

Cities are Focus of Biennale di Venezia
This year's Venice Biennale exhibition, entitled "Cites, architecture and society," intends to re-engage the physical structure of cities—their buildings, spaces, and streets that is the domain of architects and urban designers—with the social, cultural, and economic dimensions of urban existence. Mixed media presentations will focus on 16 cities: Barcelona, Berlin, Bogotá, Cairo, Caracas, Istanbul, Johannesburg, London, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Milan-Turin, Mumbai, New York, Sao Paulo, Shanghai, and Tokyo. Robert Ivy, FAIA, serves as commissioner and Suzanne Stephens as deputy commissioner of the U.S. Pavilion, whose focus will be the city of New Orleans. La Biennale opens to the public 09.10.06–11.19.06.

Building Permits Skyrocket in Gotham
At a time when national residential construction is down, in New York City it is skyrocketing due to the rise in residential property values. A recent edition of Crain's reports that the proof is in the number of permits filed. The stats by borough: Staten Island up 385% to 296 units; Manhattan up 38% to 2,466; Queens up 51% to 1,647 units; Brooklyn up 2% to 2,265 units; The Bronx up 38% to 1,074.



Designs Sprout Students' Green Roof Plans
By Al Kurchin, Design Educator, Center for Architecture Foundation

Robyn Strauss, a School of the Future student, proposes a new layout for her school's garden roof.
Al Kurchin

As part of an Environmental Science elective, students are developing their own green roof for their school. Design educator Al Kurchin from the Center for Architecture Foundation program joined teacher Allison Godshall to teach 16 seniors theories of environmental architecture over the course of a 10-week program.

First, students outlined green roof principles, basic landscape design, and landscape graphics. The students were then asked to plan a 4,000-square-foot green roof for their 11-story school to be used for student research, recreation, and study. Working in groups, students proposed a new roof using conceptual and design development sketches and final design drawings. After presenting the designs to the class, one refined composite plan was chosen.

Visiting lecturers from the ASLA and SEAoNY gave the students a professional assessment of their work. Pablo Bruno, an engineer with Cameron Engineering & Associates, reviewed the live load capability of the structure, while Martha Desbiens from Balmori Associates and Gus Robertson from EDAW gave the class valuable guidance. As one student commented, "I enjoyed seeing many talents blossom from each classmate. This brought a positive attitude to the class which is reflected in our garden."

With funds that Godshall received for plant research, the class is now in the process of purchasing soil, plants, fabrics, and GreenGrid modules, enabling the students to build their design. Next semester, students from City College who are studying green roofs will mentor the class.

New NCARB Grant Program Stresses Innovation
The National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) has established a NCARB Grant program. Expected to award up to $10,000 total per academic year, grant funding may be divided among up to three organizations. NCARB's objective is to support and encourage concepts that may be more risk-taking than a school can initially afford, helping to develop a project is still on the boards.

NCARB Prize Grant submissions for the 2006-2007 academic year are due in the NCARB offices, on or before 5:00 PM EST, on Wednesday, November 1, 2006. For more information, see



Submit your response for the latest poll:
Do you think there should be a cap on the cost for the WTC Memorial? (Flash required)

Results from last issue's poll:

Note: Poll results are not scientific.



After his presentation of the revised Atlantic Yards plan, you may want to either fuel your anger or continue to revel in his greatness by viewing the new movie, "Sketches of Frank Gehry," directed by Sydney Pollack, including interviews with celebrities from Philip Johnson to Michael Eisner, Bob Geldof, Julian Schnabel, and Dennis Hopper. It opened Friday, 05.12.



The Southpoint: From Ruin to Rejuvenation biennial international ideas competition, hosted by the Emerging New York Architects AIA New York Chapter, has received The Emerging Professional Program of the Year Award from AIA National… AIA Staten Island will announce its 2006 Architectural Design Awards winners at a May 24 luncheon, featuring artist and architect Duo Dickinson as keynote speaker…

Smithsonian's Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum has announced the finalists in this year's national design awards, which include New York names Bernard Tschumi, AIA (Bernard Tschumi Architects); 2×4; Jake Barton (Local Projects); Chip Kidd; Michael Gabellini, FAIA (Gabellini Sheppard Associates); Annabelle Selldorf, AIA (Selldorf Architects); Tsao & McKown Architects, and Ken Smith, ASLA (Ken Smith Landscape Architecture) in the categories of architecture, communications, interior and landscape design…

The 2006 Building Brooklyn Awards have been announced, honoring projects that have had a positive impact on Brooklyn's economy and quality of life. Winning projects, recognized in 12 categories, include: The Jewish Children's Museum (Gwathmey Siegel & Associates Architects); Rheingold Gardens Partnership Homes (Magnusson Architecture and Planning); Dodge YMCA (Dattner Architects); Higgins Hall—Pratt Institute School of Architecture (Rogers Marvel Architects/Steven Holl Architects); Downstate Advanced Biotechnology Incubator—Phase 1 (AHSC Architects); Waterfront Media, Inc (Coburn Architecture); Marion & Hopkinson Playground Reconstruction—Phase 1 (Olmsted Center—Renata Sokolowski); United States Courthouse (Tom Singer with HLW International/Cesar Pelli & Associates); Slot House (No Roof Architects); DeKalb Avenue Apartments (Saky Yakas, AIA, SLCE Architects); Studio 322 Condominium, and Almandine Bakery (Herve Poussot, Jacques Torres & Kristina Tanni)

The New York Chapter of the Society for Marketing Professionals will honor the following individuals during their annual awards banquet: Amanda M. Burden, Hon. AIA, AICP, Department of City Planning (Honor Award for Public Sector); Vishaan Chakrabarti, AIA, The Related Companies (Honor Award for Development); Charles Linn, AIA, and Jane Kolleeny, Architectural Record (Honor Award for Media); Cheri Mellilo, Hon. AIA, Butler Rogers Baskett Architects (Public Service Award for CANstruction); Marcy Stanley, Weidlinger Associates (Marketing Achievement Award); Barbara Thayer, AIA, PE, RA, B. Thayer Associates (Marketing Champion Award); and Michael McCann, CPSM, Urbahn Architects (Pinnacle Award)…

Developer Larry Silverstein has named Lord Richard Rogers and Fumihiko Maki, Hon. FAIA, to design two of the five planned office towers at Ground Zero … The Toronto Waterfront Revitalization Corporation has announced the five-team short list for re-envisioning the downtown Toronto waterfront, which includes the following New York firms (in various team configurations): Tod Williams Billie Tsien Architects, nARCHITECTS, Weisz + Yoes Architecture, H3 Hardy Collaboration Architecture, and Balmori Associates

Andrew Kotchen, AIA (workshop/apd) received a Merit Award in the High Density on the High Ground competition, developing a 140-unit housing community on a high-ground site by the Mississippi River… EavesDrop, aN ongoing column in the Architects Newspaper, will now be written by Philip NobelHarris Smith Design has been re-branded Spacesmith, also adding Spacesmith Interiors, an in-house design studio…



The Forum for Urban Design and the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy gathered a bevy of critics May 4 for the 2006 Temko Critics Panel, "The Question of Activism" (l-r): Nicolai Ouroussoff, New York Times; Robert Ivy, FAIA, Architectural Record; Trevor Boddy, Vancouver Sun (in the audience); John King, San Francisco Chronicle; Robert Campbell, FAIA, Boston Globe; Paul Goldberger, The New Yorker; and Andrew Blum, BusinessWeek Online (in the audience).
Kristen Richards

Coney Island's own "Eiffel Tower," the Parachute Jump will soon be sporting some dramatic lighting effects (details under wraps for now).
Kristen Richards

Sighted at Stillwell Avenue subway station (anyone looking for a summer job?)
Kristen Richards

Design buffs gather in the Brooklyn Heights Design Within Reach to celebrate the fourth annual BKLYN DESIGNS weekend.
Jessica Sheridan

Cameron Sinclair comments that one Mies Barcelona Chair at DWI could fund a small school.
Jessica Sheridan

(l-r): designer Andrew Thornton, furniture maker Michael Puryear, and designer Jenny Argie. Brooklyn design couple, Puryear and Argie, design modern nursery furniture including the Fuji Toy Box available at DWI.
Jessica Sheridan



Registration: ASLA Student Awards
The American Society of Landscape Architects Student Awards program is looking for projects that give a glimpse into the future of the profession. Award recipients will receive featured coverage in Landscape Architecture magazine, among other media, and will be honored at an awards ceremony.
Submission: Shoot It Down!
The Municipal Art Society (MAS) and Curbed are asking individuals to submit photos of New York's most egregiously oversized, out-of-place ads. In addition to a posting on both websites, each sign should be reported to the city's 311 number (for non-emergency services); MAS will follow each report with a call to the Department of Buildings. The winner will receive a $100 gift certificate to Urban Center Books.
Commissioned as part of "Architecture and…," a year-long series of lectures, exhibitions and other projects celebrating the 125th anniversary of the Architectural League of NY, this call for images is looking for 1,000 unique postcards to be mass-mailed to influential designers, curators, critics, and journalists worldwide. Ultimately, a catalogue and exhibition will be organized.
In conjunction with the 2006 Best Firm to Work For Summit, this contest will name the best architecture, civil engineering, and structural firms to work for. Winners will be honored at an awards reception in September 2006.
The Design-Build Institute of America is awarding distinctions in 14 categories for projects completed within the last three years that exemplify the principles of interdisciplinary teamwork, innovation, and problem solving characteristic of design-build delivery.
Southbank is an open, two-stage competition to produce ideas for a new South African community where residential accommodation merges with internationally significant facilities for arts production and performance in an ecological conservation setting. Finalists will receive travel to South Africa and monetary compensation; the winner will receive $75,000 and will be appointed as architect for the project.



Oculus 2006 Editorial Calendar
Ideas/Submissions Deadlines (projects can be anywhere, but architects must be New York-based). Contact: Kristen Richards
June 20: Fall: Infrastructure New York
September 20: Winter: The Business of Practice




At the Center for Architecture, 536 LaGuardia Place:

Gallery Hours
Monday–Friday: 9:00am–8:00pm
Saturday: 11:00am–5:00pm
Sunday: CLOSED

Related Events

May 17, 5:00–7:00pm
Towers Then and Now: Seagram vs. the new Times Tower

May 17, 7:30–9:30pm
Exhibition Opening

May 20, 1:00–4:00pm
Turn on Your Nightlight: Explore Lights Inside and Out FamilyDay@theCenter

May 24, 6:00–8:00pm
Collaboration: Lighting & Architecture

June 6, 6:00–8:00pm
The Three Principles of Light

June 26, 6:00–8:00pm
Richard Kelly and Daylighting


May 17–July 12, 2006

Light | Energy | Impact: The Legacy of Richard Kelly

Gallery: Lecture Hall

An examination of the relationship between architecture and light as exhibited in the work of architect and pioneer lighting designer Richard Kelly. Through his collaborations with Mies van der Rohe, Louis Kahn, Philip Johnson, and Eero Saarinen, Kelly established a modern architectural lighting vocabulary. His approach has helped to define many of architecture's 20th-century icons including the Seagram Building in New York and the Kimbell Art Museum in Fort Worth, Texas.

The exhibition is a site-specific presentation of a traveling exhibition originally curated by Renee Cooley and Matthew Tanteri with support from the IESNY. Much of the work in this exhibition is drawn from the Richard Kelly archive, now housed at Yale University, which survives in large part due to the research and preservation efforts of Philip Cialdella.

Curator: Elizabeth Donoff
Exhibition Design: BriggsKnowles Architecture + Design
Graphics: binocular

Exhibition Underwriter:

Lead Sponsor:
Enterprise Lighting
Enterprise Lighting Sales

Additional Sponsors:
Nulux, Edison Price Lighting, Fisher Marantz Stone
Nulux   Edison Price Lighting   Fisher Marantz Stone

With support from:
Esto, Lutron Electronics, Nihon Project Service, Parsons The New School for Design and Osram Sylvania

Related Event

May 22, 2006, 6:30–8:00pm
Materialized Light: PadLab Exhibition & Lecture


Special Installation during ICFF

May 17–24, 2006

Materialized Light: PadLab

PadLab, a young, Los Angeles-based design studio, creates new materials, architectural glass, lighting, and fine art. This exhibit explores the interaction of light with their new materials: Flexicomb and Bubble Glass. PadLab was selected as a finalist in Metropolis Magazine's 2006 NEXT Generation competition, and is concurrently debuting Bubble Glass and lights made from Flexicomb at ICFF.


March 31–June 17, 2006

Southpoint: from Ruin to Rejuvenation—ENYA International Ideas Competition Exhibition

Galleries: Kohn Pedersen Fox Gallery, HLW Gallery, South Gallery

The Emerging New York Architects (ENYA) Committee presents an exhibition of the second biennial international ideas competition. The exhibit features 77 visions for a Universal Arts Center at Southpoint Park on Roosevelt Island. ENYA Prize recipient, second place, third place, student prize, and historic preservation award, along with 42 selected entries are included in the accompanying catalog available for $15 at the Center for Architecture as well as online.

Southpoint: from Ruin to Rejuvenation is hosted by ENYA in cooperation with the Roosevelt Island Visual Arts Association and Coler-Goldwater Specialty Hospital.

Exhibition sponsored by: AIA New York State, The Graham Foundation, Gensler, Electronics Design Group, Inc., Stephen Mosier, Propylaea Architecture Atelier, The Rubin Family Foundation, and Roosevelt Island Operating Corporation

Hermann Feldhaus

The Universal Forum of Cultures-Barcelona 2004
Aerial View of the sector
Eva Serrats


March 17–June 10, 2006

Barcelona in Progress

Galleries: Gerald D. Hines Gallery, Public Resource Center, Judith and Walter Hunt Gallery and Mezzanine Gallery

An exhibition presenting Barcelona's dramatic Post-Franco transformation through the present. Architectural models, renderings and photographs outline a framework for the progressive urban trajectory this city has chartered, and a global context for evaluating developments in large scale metropolitan planning.

Organized by: Center for Architecture with the Ajuntament de Barcelona

Exhibition Underwriters:
Ajuntament de Barcelona Rockefeller Brothers Fund Hines

Exhibition Symposium Underwriter:
Institut Ramon Llull

Additional support provided by:
Barcelona Regional Col·legi d'Arquitectes, Barcelona Chapter Spanish Consulate of New York


About Town: Exhibition Announcements

"Women sunbathing on the Williamsburg waterfront" by Joyce George.
Courtesy Art 101

Through 06.04.06
The Disappeared & The Endangered

Curated by a long-time resident of Williamsburg who felt the impact made by a typhoon of alterations to the neighborhood, this exhibition of photography points at the rapidly vanishing urban condition. "Urban Renewal," an associated walking tour, will be held on May 21 at 9:45am, departing from the gallery.

Art 101; 101 Grand Street, Brooklyn

Courtesy The Center for the Living City at Purchase College

Through 06.13.06
Learning from Disaster: New Orleans after Katrina

Photographs and commentary by nine students (among them anthropology and new media majors) comprise this exhibit, which explores the issues of interconnectedness that define cities in the wake of disaster. The Center for the Living City students visited New Orleans to study the devastation of the city, but also its resilience.

Museum of the City of New York; 1220 Fifth Ave.

"The Dawn of Luxury" by Susan Hamburger
Courtesy Safe-T-Gallery


Eight large oil paintings by Brooklyn artist Susan Hamburger highlight a panoramic view of the new and old architectural developments along the southern border of Williamsburg's McCarren Park. The paintings will be installed within one of Hamburger's foam core, faux-period rooms contrasting modern "progress" against the decorative comfort of yesteryear.

Safe-T-Gallery; 111 Front Street, #214, Brooklyn

Courtesy MAD

The Eames Lounge Chair: An Icon of Modern Design

The design, production, and social impact of the Eames Lounge Chair is the focus of this exhibition that marks the 50th anniversary of the chair's production.

Museum of Arts & Design; 40 W. 53 St.

Solos: Matali Crasset installation rendering
Courtesy Matali Crasset

Solos: Matali Crasset

In the fourth installment of the Solos exhibition series, an interactive light and sound installation by French industrial designer Matali Crasset that explores residential and urban rituals and the domestication of technology, comprising industrial design products, graphics, theater sets, wallpaper, and furniture.

Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum; 2 East 91st St.

Isamu Noguchi with the sculpture Octetra, 1968. Photographer unknown.
Courtesy The Noguchi Museum

Best of Friends: R. Buckminster Fuller and Isamu Noguchi

The exhibition is devoted to the long friendship and collaboration between the visionary designer and inventor. Over 50 years, they collaborated on only one specific project, but explored ideas about renewable energy sources, accessible design, and "green" architecture.

Noguchi Museum; 9-01 33rd Road, Long Island City

The Green House: New Directions in Sustainable Architecture and Design

A comprehensive look at the growing mandate for green design in homes, featuring a model home for visitors to tour. Exhibition design: Lewis.Tsurumaki.Lewis; graphics and catalog design: Pure+Applied—both NYC- based.

National Building Museum; 401 F St, NW, Washington, DC

Fifth year student Akari Nakai's new plan for New Orleans
Courtesy Irwin S. Chanin School of Architecture at The Cooper Union

Cooper Union's End of the Year Show

At the annual End of Year Show, students from The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art make the transition from studios and classrooms to the gallery. Work from the Schools of Art and Architecture will be featured, with projects from the School of Engineering on view May 22–24.

The Cooper Union Foundation Building; Cooper Square

House Into, Espoo, Finland, 1998, Jyrki Tasa
Jyrki Tasa and Jussi Tiainen

From Wood to Architecture: Recent Designs from Finland

17 recently constructed buildings in Finland offer a fresh take on the oldest of building materials: wood; organized by The Museum of Finnish Architecture.

Scandinavia House; 58 Park Ave

About Town: Ongoing and Upcoming

Through 05.21.06
Archicule/Makor Gallery

Through 05.28.06
Whitney Biennial 2006: Day for Night/The Whitney Museum of American Art

The Green House: New Directions in Sustainable Architecture and Design/ National Building Museum

Through 06.04.06
The Disappeared & The Endangered/Art 101

Through 06.10.06
CIUDAD MODERNA/Storefront for Art and Architecture

Through 06.11.06
American Streamlined Design: The World of Tomorrow/Bard Graduate Center

Through 06.13.06
Learning from Disaster: New Orleans after Katrina/Museum of the City of New York


The Cooper Union End of the Year Show/The Cooper Union Foundation Building

Through 07.28.06
Vaults of Heaven: Sanctuaries of Byzantium/World Monuments Fund

From Wood to Architecture: Recent Designs from Finland/Scandinavia House

Through 08.27.06
The High Style of Dorothy Draper/The Museum of the City of New York

The Eames Lounge Chair: An Icon of Modern Design/Museum of Arts & Design

Solos: Matali Crasset/Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum

Best of Friends: R. Buckminster Fuller and Isamu Noguchi/Noguchi Museum

Through November 2006
The Ernst Benkert Travel Desk/Proteus Gowanus


eCalendar now includes the information that used to be found in eOculus' Around the Center, Around the AIA, and Around Town sections. Click the above link to go to to eCalendar on the Web.




Would you like to get your message featured in eOCULUS? Spotlight your firm, product, or event as a marquee sponsor of eOCULUS, the electronic newsletter of the AIA New York Chapter. Sponsors receive a banner ad prominently placed above the table of contents. Your message will reach over 5,000 architects and decision-makers in the building industry via e-mail every two weeks (and countless others who access the newsletter directly from the AIA New York web site). For more information about sponsorship, contact Dan Hillman: or 212.358.6114.

Prestigious design firm looking for junior person to assist with design for a public building adjacent to Ground Zero. Required: model-making and renderings with 3-D Studio Max. Will also assist with working drawings. Salary level: commensurate with experience. Reply to:

Spacious double workstation office available
Top floor w/ panoramic views located @ 29th Street & Seventh Avenue. High speed internet access included. Access to conference room, pantry & copier. Contact Ms. Vega @ (212) 243-5330 or

In this position, you will be an architectural design team leader for major capital construction projects for NYC Transit operations or facilities. We require a valid New York State registration as an Architect and four years of full-time experience in Architecture with a minimum of one year experience as a project leader or major contributor on a complex project requiring specific expertise within the Architectural discipline acquired in the last three years.  A Master's degree in Architecture from an accredited college will be accepted as equivalent to one year of full-time experience in Architecture. Candidates with in depth knowledge of the capital construction process, both design and construction, project management and excellent communications skills are highly desirable.

Please email your resume to:; Fax: 646-252-2256; Or mail to: Ms. Valerie Tookes, HR Departmental Operations, 2 Broadway, Room D21.13, New York, NY  10004.  All applicants must reference job number: 003330NYAIA

NYC Transit is an equal opportunity employer

Full Time Positions
Midtown architecture firm specializing in high-profile justice facilities is currently seeking to fill the following positions:

Interior designer/Architect
Requirements: Bachelors degree in Interior Design or related field. Minimum five (5) years experience in functional analysis and space planning, selection and presentation of finishes, presentation drawings, furniture specifications, strong design, presentation, and AutoCAD Desktop skills a must.

Requirements: Bachelors degree in Architecture. Minimum two (2) years experience, has general knowledge and understanding of project development process. Proficient in current version of AutoCAD, Photoshop, and Excel. Individual must be a team player, and possess strong technical, design, and presentation skills.

Project Architect
Requirements: Lead a project team in development of technical design and the preparation of architectural design and construction documents. Collaborate with Project Designer, checks and coordinates documents with consultants. 7 years minimum experience with strong communication, leadership and ACAD skill a must.

To apply please submit your resume via fax @ 212-279-1037 or via email

Architect Level 1 (3 positions)
Architects within DACE's Bureau of Design and Review division are an integral part of the team that designs and implements Mayor Bloomberg's Bloomberg's $7.5 Billion plan to develop 165,000 units of affordable housing for New Yorkers by 2013. affordable housing for New Yorkers. The chosen architects will perform complex difficult architectural work and may supervise employees.

Responsibilities will include: Designing residential buildings and preparinge drawings and specifications; Reviewing private architects' plans, specifications and scopes of work; Participating in the inspection of residential buildings to develop a scope of work for in-house designs; Measuring residential buildings to develop plans and construction documents for in-house designs; Completing inspection forms.

Qualification requirements: A valid New York State Registration as an Architect. Current New York State registration as an Architect must be maintained for the duration of your employment.

Preferred skills: Excellent design and organizational skills, knowledge of AutoCAD, PowerPoint/Word/Excel, strong written and verbal communication skills, ability to work under pressure and meet deadlines, extensive knowledge of Zoning Resolutions

To apply for consideration, please write: The Department of Housing Preservation and Development, Division of Architecture, Construction and Engineering (DACE), Attention: Mr. Ira Chinsky, 100 Gold Street, Room 7-A4, New York, NY 10038. Please indicate transmittal number 806-06-128 on your resume or cover letter when responding. While we appreciate every applicant's interest, only those under consideration will be contacted.

Assistant Architect (7 positions)
Assistant Architects within DACE's Bureau of Design and Review section are an integral part of the team that designs and implements Mayor Bloomberg's Plan to develop or preserve 165,000 units of affordable housing for New Yorkers by 2013. The chosen candidates will perform moderately difficult architectural work.

Responsibilities include: As directed, designs residential buildings and assists architectural staff in the preparation of drawings and specifications; Reviewing private architects' plans, specifications and scopes of work; Participating in the inspection of residential buildings to develop scopes of work for in-house designs; Measuring residential buildings to develop plans and construction documents for in-house designs; Completing inspection forms.

Qualification requirements: A Bachelor or Master of Architecture that is the first professional degree in architecture from an accredited college; or a Bachelor of Science degree in Architecture that is the first four years of a five year first professional degree program in Architecture from an accredited college and one year of full-time satisfactory experience in architectural work; or a valid New York State Registration as an Architect.

Prererred skills: Excellent design and organizational skills; Proficiency in Autodesk Architectural Desktop 3.3; Knowledge of NYC Zoning Resolution & Building Code, NYS Multiple Dwelling Law & NYC DOB procedures; Strong written and verbal communication skills; Ability to work under pressure and meet deadlines.

To apply for consideration, please write: NYC Department of Housing Preservation and Development, Division of Architecture Construction and Engineering (DACE), Attention: Mr. Ira Chinsky, 100 Gold Street, Room 7-A4, New York, NY 10038. Please indicate transmittal number 806-06-134 on your resume or cover letter when responding. While we appreciate every applicant's interest, only those under consideration will be contacted.

Prestigious high-end residential Architectural firm seeking Architect-Shop Drawing Candidate
Should have extensive knowledge with Shop drawings, mock-ups, sample approvals and at least ten projects with additions, renovations and new buildings experience. Able to work with minimum supervision. AutoCad.

Minimum: BS in Architecture or Engineering

Fax resume and cover letter to: 212-725-2441 or email

NBBJ New York has opportunities for talented individuals with a passion for design and a desire to work in a collaborative environment; to work with one of the most prestigious healthcare clients in our country. We have opportunities for Senior Interior Designers, Senior Project Managers and Medical Planners. For more information please visit us at or submit resumes to Elizabeth at EOE.

Rare Manhattan Penthouse Opportunity
Wide open rooftop for penthouse. CPW and 72nd St. 17th floor of co-op, converting to condo following this sale. 4000 sq ft buildable plus 1000 ft deck. Can be subdivided. Photos at

The AIA Contract Documents program
provides proven, consistent, and effective standard form contracts to the building design and construction industry. The program directs its efforts toward improving existing documents and developing new ones. In late 2005 the AIA introduced six new contract documents. These included two new agreements and four new scopes of service documents for use with owner-architect agreements.

Paper Documents
The AIA New York Chapter is a full-service distributor of AIA Contract Documents, which are the most widely used standard form contracts in the building industry. These comprehensive contracts have been prepared by the AIA with the input of contractors, attorneys, architects, and engineers. Typically, industry professionals and home/property owners use these documents to support agreements relating to design and construction services. Anyone may purchase and use the AIA Contract Documents. AIA Members receive a 10% discount. For a full list and order form, see or call 212.358.6113 with your fax number.

Electronic Format Documents
The new AIA Contract Documents software is completely redesigned, based on Microsoft Word, and is easier to use than Word itself. Enter project and document information once and reuse it automatically. E-mail documents as Word or PDF attachments. Print "clean copy" final documents with all changes captured in a special report. Go to for Contract Documents Software Training and to download the AIA Contract Documents software.

If you already have the software, Version 2.0.5: Software Update is now available.

AIA New York Chapter's HOME page
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In process, the diagrams progressively find and test various elements allowing the projects to constantly evolve (perhaps there is a reference to a fourth dimension in this process). The GT house diagram evolves through the growth of the organic armor, metaphorically progressing toward light. Simultaneously, the process takes on the act of placing the various functional elements of the house—kitchens, beds, etc.—within the armor. Finally, there is a volumetric manipulation stemming from the growth of the armor functionally and metaphorically. This progressive growth is then evaluated and adjusted against the overall volume of the house and the building envelope, linking space, pushing the skin out, and pulling it inward accordingly.

In the Wooster Street loft, the suggested layered diagram represents a progression from the public to the private realm. As in the GT house, Dubbeldam places program within the various layers. Here, however, the elements take on a sophisticated tone intended to arouse the senses within a home. For example, the elements of the program are minimized, or singled out, featuring fire, water, and smell (instead of kitchen, beds, and bath in the GT house). Then the layers are sliced, pivoting and suspending the programmatic elements. Here, a visual process attempts to compositionally negotiate the various volumes of the space.

When I asked Dubbeldam to reflect on her own process, she stated, "It is process of approximated perfection." She demonstrates a preference for the actual over the absolute and signals a change in the role of the architect. In the GT House it is an "inquisitive assessment" of a project in the country, and in the Wooster Street Loft it is of a project in the city.

Saf Fahim is the design principal of the New York based firm Archronica Architects. He is chairperson of the New York Chapter Architectural Dialogue Committee and a member of the design excellence group at the AIA the New York Chapter.

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