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Buddakan Collages New Asian Cuisine With French Design | Nelson-Atkins Designed With Light | Yale Offers Master's Degrees in Green Building Design | ASHRAE, USGBC, IESNA Standardize Green Building Practices | HPD Releases 2005 Vacancy Survey

AIA Seeks Volunteers for LA Convention | Green Software Available to Architects | AIASF Launches ArchCast | Reducing Parking Could Lead to More Parking Spaces | If the Building Fits…Wear It! | Marketing: The Essentials | National Landscape Architecture Month




Michael Kalil Memorial Fellowships | PRINT Regional Design Annual | IESNY Student Design Competition | Tropolism Your Hidden City Photo Contest | AIA SPP Knowledge Community Call for Articles | George A. Fox Public Service Award | Affordable Design Forum Call for Papers | Accessible Design Awards Program | IIDA/Metropolis Smart Environments Awards | BCA Inside: Out | Viñoly Research Fellowship | USGBC Natural Talent Design Competition


At the Center for Architecture
53rd P/A Awards | Fashion of Architecture | ESTO NOW | Two Columbus Circle

About Town
Prairie Skyscraper: FLW Price Tower | Beyond Green: Toward a Sustainable Art | Why? 25 Case Studies

Click the above link to go to to eCalendar on the Web.


Job Opportunity: AIANY Development Associate for Corporate Relations

Jessica Sheridan, Editor

Dan Hillman

Mauricio Alexander

Linda G. Miller

Carolyn Sponza, AIA


Editor's Note: With so many architecture events happening around the city, I hope you are able to brave the cold to attend. Oh, and please join me in welcoming e-Oculus to its new day—Tuesday!

The AIA New York Chapter seeks a Development Associate for Corporate Relations
See for details.


Downtown New York Reclaims Itself Center of America
By Carolyn Sponza, AIA

Lower Manhattan—the most historical square mile in America
Jessica Sheridan, Assoc. AIA

Event: From Dutch Outpost to World Capital: The Past and Future of Lower Manhattan; Downtown Third Thursdays, hosted by the Downtown Alliance
Presenter: Kenneth T. Jackson, History professor, Columbia University / editor, The Encyclopedia of New York City
Where: John Street Methodist Church, 02.16.06

Many of the strengths of Downtown New York in 1925—regularly scheduled transportation, a concentrated center for immigration, a complex of government and courthouse buildings, and a financial hub—sprung from the innate "locational advantage" of the city's proximity to great waterways. As interstate highways and air travel supplanted water transportation, the center of New York shifted to modernized midtown. Beginning in the 1970s, however, the speculative construction of skyscrapers signaled a new era for the district. Jackson, a professor, urban historian, and long-time New Yorkaphile, noted several current trends forcing the neighborhood to redefine itself yet again.

The inability to rent office space is influencing the conversion of office buildings to residential units, limiting urban density. The future of the Stock Exchange, a major anchor for the financial district, is in question, and the redevelopment of the World Trade Center site (with its associated cultural institutions) will have a major impact on the neighborhood. Future measures, including restoring the street grid at the World Trade Center site, providing a downtown link to Kennedy Airport, and making Lower Manhattan's subway system more efficient and reliable for commuters and tourists, will enhance the neighborhood, if realized. Ultimately, the City of New York will be able to teach countries like the Netherlands, which is at the forefront of urban planning today, about smart growth, transportation, and tolerance.

Zaha Demystifies Herself
By Bill Millard

Zaha Hadid speaks of infinite experimental space
Courtesy Columbia University GSAPP

Courtesy Columbia University GSAPP

Event: Lecture, "Simultaneous Engagement"
Presenter: Zaha Hadid, Hon. FAIA
Where: Columbia University GSAPP
When: 02.08.06

Hadid's speaking style is unmistakable: rapid, assured, and fond of ending sentences as if asking a question. This is a superb voice for a futurist architect, implying interrogations, hypotheses, and experiments instead of readymade solutions. She is often patient enough to fall silent and let her paintings and renderings do the talking.

Hadid presented projects that reflect the natural world and the abstractions of mathematics. Anyone who has seen a warped grid show how gravity reshapes space will recognize this Einsteinian archetype throughout Hadid's forms. Grid deformation exists from the humble lines of a Strasbourg parking lot, bending cars into magnetic-field arrays, to the densely interwoven spaces of BMW's Leipzig factory, programmed to counteract corporate functional and class segregation. She organizes material through organic metaphors such as shells, cocoons, or striations, but her signature is velocity. She categorically rejects the definition of practice as antithetical to theory. "There's no such thing as practice," just infinite "experimental space." Not a final frontier, but an endless one.

Bill Millard is a freelance writer and editor whose work has appeared in Oculus, Icon, Content, and other publications.

Thesis Is So Passé
By Pollyanna Rhee

Event: Symposium, "PARAthesis: Current Trajectories in Architectural Research"
Presenters: Denise Scott Brown, Keller Easterling, Jeffrey Inaba, Mark Jarzombek, Sylvia Lavin, Brendan Moran, Brett Steele, Roemer Van Toorn, Sarah Whiting; Moderators: Mark Wigley, Reinhold Martin
Where: Columbia University GSAPP, 02.03.06

Some architecture schools are moving away from the emphasis on individual thesis projects in favor of collaborative research. PARAthesis, a conference organized by Jonathan Lott, Brian Price, and Dominic Leong at Columbia, addressed issues of architectural pedagogy and research. Although the methodology behind individual study in architectural education can enhance architectural research, it can limit architects' attempts to engage with other fields. "Interdisciplinary work is considered a great feat, as if it wouldn't be expected from anyone else," quipped Easterling.

While some reject the individualism of the thesis others expressed skepticism regarding the complete embrace of collaborative work. "Thesis is a chance to state your own rules," said Whiting. The field of architecture advances because young architects have the temerity to question beliefs and rules established within the profession.

Pollyanna Rhee has done graduate work in education and is a member of the steering committee for Architecture for Humanity New York.

African Roots Sprout in New York
By Jessica Sheridan, Assoc. AIA

Event: African Burial Ground Memorial—2005-2006 President's Lecture Series
Presenter: Rodney Léon, AIA, NOMA, co-founder AARRIS Architects
Where: Pratt Institute, Higgins Hall, 02.09.06

New York City had the second largest enslaved population in the Colonial United States. When the five-acre African burial ground was discovered in 1991, it caused public outcry. With a charged project such as the African Burial Ground Memorial, it is impossible to appease everyone's concerns. Léon's approach is no exception.

Léon will create a sequence of experiences based on connecting visitors both physically and transcendentally with the buried Africans. In the spirit of Sankofa, a West African symbol of learning from ancestry, the context of the memorial acts as a conduit between the past and the present. Symbols inscribed around a procession wall imply a crossroad between the living and deceased. The pool at the center of the project provides a public gathering space and platform for libation ceremonies. The space within the monument is intimate, a place for quiet contemplation. The conical form is 20 feet high, the same depth as those buried underground, with an oculus open to the sky.

Although many of the intended materials (gold-plated walkways, for example) have been eliminated because of the tight $3 million budget, granite imported from South Africa authenticates the memorial. This will be a destination for international pilgrimage, a place of learning, and a space for gatherings and chance meetings.

New York Times Pursues Light Not LEED
By Linda Crites, Hillier Architecture

Exterior Rendering of the New York Times Building
The Renzo Piano Building Workshop, FXFowle Architects, PC

MechoShade's AAC SolarTrak for The New York Times Building—3' solar penetration at 2:40pm.
Illustration by MechoShade

Event: The New York Times: Accomplishing Transparency…Living with Light; the second of the series, "Green Teams: How Sustainability Succeeds in Business"
Presenters: Hussain Ali-Khan—VP Real Estate Development, The New York Times; Jan Berman—President & COO, MechoShade Systems; Susan Brady—Principal, Susan Brady Lighting Design; David Cooper—managing director, Flack + Kurtz; Rocco Giannetti, AIA—senior associate, Gensler; Pekka Hakkarainen—VP, Lutron Electronics; Moderator: Glenn Hughes—Director of Construction, The New York Times
Where: Skyscraper Museum, Donnell Library Auditorium, 02.07.06

Although the New York Times headquarters features many sustainable elements, the design team is not pursuing a LEED certification. A more important pursuit is focusing on natural and artificial light.

An automated shade system prevents direct light from entering more than three feet into the building. Controlled by sensors and a database of the skyline's shadows, the shade system maximizes employees' views while preventing glare. Dimmable lighting fixtures work in harmony with the shade system creating a workspace that does not need to be fully lit by artificial light until the afternoon. The interior design incorporates technology, instead of expressing it, according to Gensler senior associate Giannetti.

Moderator Hughes spoke of the hope that incorporating "green" fixtures into the design will increase the demand and help reduce market prices. When asked about how the changing skyline could affect the automated shade system, Berman of MechoShade Systems said they have already incorporated the new One Bryant Park shadows into their database. Speaking to the potential sustainability success, there will be an estimated 65 percent energy savings on the south façade and 40 percent energy savings on the west façade.

There's More to Water Than Wetness, Claims Holl
By Adina Lopatin

The plaza at the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art.
Courtesy Seven Holl Architects

Event: WATER: Micro/Macro? Evening Session of Columbia University GSAPP Symposium "Water—The Biggest Issue in Global Design?"
Presenters: Steven Holl, AIA—principal, Steven Holl Architects and Associate / architecture professor, GSAPP; Upmanu Lall—Earth and Environmental Engineering Chair, Columbia University
Where: Columbia University GSAPP, 02.06.06

"Water is H20, hydrogen two parts, oxygen one, but there is also a third thing," said Holl, opening his lecture with a quote from DH Lawrence. Like Lawrence, Holl is interested in the combination of water's functional qualities and spiritual appeal. Time magazine said something similar of Holl's architecture when it named him "America's Best Architect" in 2001, for "buildings that satisfy the spirit as well as the eye."

Running through a retrospective of his work, Holl traced his interest in water from his childhood on Puget Sound to a housing project in Fukuoka, Japan, and a museum of surfing and the ocean in Biarritz, France. His most revealing insights came with an explanation of a water treatment plant completed last fall in Hamden, CT. A project that deals explicitly with water, the plant does not feature any of Holl's characteristic reflection pools. Instead of using water as "a phenomenal lens," a tool that reflects other elements of a project, at the treatment plant, H20 takes center stage. There, Holl deals not just with the spiritual element of water, but with its hydrogen and oxygen too.

Lall's response to Holl was mostly admiring, although Lall reminded the architect that his focus on the spiritual qualities of water is a luxury most of the world cannot afford. Responding to images of Holl's residential projects, he said, "I've always been an ascetic. But tonight, for the first time in my life—I want to be a materialist!"

Adina Lopatin is a freelance writer living in Brooklyn.

Architecture, Peaks, and Valleys in the Flat World
By Jaffer Kolb

Tzonis offers the macro-history of regionalism.
Annie Kurtin

Lefaivre offers the micro-history of regionalism.
Annie Kurtin

Event: Architecture, Peaks, and Valleys in the Flat World
Presenters: Alexander Tzonis—professor emeritus, University of Technology of Delft, & director, Design Knowledge Systems; Liane Lefaivre—chair of architectural history and theory, Universität fur Angewwandte Kunst in Vienna; Moderator: Cathy Lang Ho
Where: Center for Architecture, 02.08.06

By tracing the development of regionalism in architecture through broad- and micro-historical lenses, Lefaivre and Tzonis presented a study of critical regionalism, both in its development and ideological evolution.

Lefaivre offered a "micro-history" of regionalism in America, established in 1944 with the seminal Built in the USA show at MoMA, curated by Elizabeth Mock. The key figure of the movement, Lewis Mumford, wrote not of local materials, techniques, or typologies, but of a responsivity to the reality of a region at a local and global scale. Regionalism began to gain ground as buildings like the UN Headquarters elicited public outcry against the International Style of Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock.

Tzonis presented a macro-history, tracing architectural history from the Acropolis through Renzo Piano's Cultural Center in New Caledonia. Landscape architecture of pre-Romance France and Great Britain were regionalist types that became political ideologies of their respective nations, for example. While perhaps more spectacular in scope, Tsonis lacked evidence to back up his claims. It is of interest to look at the Acropolis not as a classical Greek paradigm, but rather as an amalgam of Mediterranean cultural influences; Tzonis's examples were, however, unconvincing and did not suggest a succinct argument.

Jaffer Kolb is a freelance writer and an assistant editor at The Architect's Newspaper.

Automatic Climbing System Sets Precedent at 7 WTC
By Robert K. Otani, PE

7 World Trade Center
Rendering courtesy of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP

Event: Concrete Construction at 7 World Trade Center and the Automatic Climbing System, sponsored by the Structural Engineers Association of New York (SEAoNY)
Presenters: Tom Ameel, CEO—PERI Formwork Systems; Allan Paull PE, First Vice President—Tishman Construction Company; Bart Sullivan PE, Vice President—WSP Cantor Seinuk Structural Engineers
Where: Center for Architecture, 02.07.06

7 World Trade Center (7 WTC) collapsed from the effects of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Given the increased concerns of security and threat of fire from the Con Edison substation within the lower floors, the new 7 WTC's design team—architect Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, structural engineer WSP-Cantor Seinuk Group, and construction manager Tishman Construction—utilized concrete construction for the core given its inherent robustness and increased fire-resistance, and conventional steel framing for the remaining superstructure.

The Automatic Climbing System (ACS) designed by PERI is a self-climbing form that is raised from the subsequent pour without the use of a crane. ACS makes possible a 4-day pour cycle even in winter, expedited construction of the mechanical/electrical work, a simplified construction hoist, expedited curtain wall construction, compliance with local steel union labor rules, and a reduced overall construction schedule and cost. The steel-first approach causes structural design challenges as well, however, including maintaining the continuity of the floor diaphragm, using embedded link beams to behave compositely with the concrete core walls, and bracing the temporary perimeter utilized to stabilize the building during construction. Ultimately, the success of the system outweighs the challenges and ACS is influencing other high-rise construction work around the city. Tishman Construction, for example, plans to use a similar system at One Bryant Park.

Robert K. Otani, PE, is a senior structural engineer at Arup.



Rooting for Diversity
By Rick Bell, FAIA, Executive Director

Movie of Chris McEntee speaking at Grassroots (QuickTime).
Rick Bell

"I hope that in five years we will have a portal of knowledge that - whether you are a member or a non-member - this is where you turn to make the best built environment." spoke Chris McEntee, the AIA National Component's new Executive Vice President/Chief Executive Officer, during an open Q&A session at Grassroots, the AIA's annual three-day leadership conference. Not surprisingly, Grassroots takes place in DC, a city where public speaking is valued above other job skills and where ethnic and gender diversity is a demographic given.

Approximately 800 architects from every state went to speak with congressional representatives, carting specific "asks" for affordable housing and historic preservation (H.R. 3159), and Katrina relief funding (H.R. 4100). The AIA issue brief on "Sustainable Design/Energy Conservation and the Built Environment" and discursive Hill visits were mutually informative. Highlights of the knowledge-laden speeches included acceptance remarks by Antoine Predock, FAIA, winner of the Gold Medal, and AIA President Kate Schwennsen, FAIA, talking about the role of the AIA, and how it has changed. Kate noted that this is the first year that sees women serving as both President and CEO of the organization.

Diversity was the subject of the most necessary of the keynote speeches, that of Dr. Sharon Sutton, FAIA, who challenged those attending to recognize how much more the profession and the Institute needed to achieve. Starting with a repeated coda that diversity isn't easy, that "making diversity matter is bound to cause pain," we also heard why it was important: "Diversity is a recognizable source of innovation, bringing together a broader pool of talent and increasing access to information - it enables more grounded teams, usable products and feasible solutions, including buildings."



After reading "Epitaph for a Critic" by Sheri Olson, FAIA, in the current issue of Oculus, I began to think about the role of architecture criticism in the public arena. As her story goes, Olson, an award-winning architecture critic and former contributing editor of Architectural Record, published an article in the Seattle Post Intelligencer called, "On Architecture: Mediocre apartment-retail building misses an opportunity to be a star," April 12, 2004 (the same year she became a Fellow). The article was a scathing review of an apartment building in Seattle designed by Weber + Thompson, proclaiming it as "a prime example of how mediocre architecture can drain Seattle's vitality and saps our souls." After threat of lawsuits by the architecture firm, and arguments within the paper about whether or not it stood behind her, ultimately Olson's editor suggested that future reviews not mention firm names to avoid offending anyone. Olson felt she had to quit.

What message is being sent when a critic feels she can no longer criticize, when freedom of the press comes with conditions and addendums? The bullying of an architecture firm can harm a writer's career, as the principals blamed Olson for harming theirs. Should criticism be filtered away from mainstream media—should it be limited to architecture magazines or specialized blogs?

It seems to me that the public, outside of the design field, is not used to being exposed to architecture criticism. Architecture is clumped with Real Estate or Art in the media. Public perception is muted; buildings are objects to look at, not to be used for social commentary. This niche is a safe place for architects because the field is superficially glorified. The media misleads the public to be passively wowed by the creativity of architects. The public is not trained to actively consider the repercussions a building will have on a neighborhood.

I think it is important for architecture criticism to reach the public so people can have informed opinions about how to best shape their neighborhoods. Architecture firms, as well as all fields involved in constructing a building, must be held responsible for the buildings they produce; and, writers should not be ostracized for their opinions.

Please share your opinion on this heated topic. Email



Vive la révolution!
By Darris W. James, e-O Events Correspondent

Mark Gorton of The Open Planning Project rallies for a pedestrian friendly NYC.
Sam Chadwick

West Broadway as it exists currently.
Courtesy NYC Streets Renaissance Campaign

West Broadway reimagined.
Courtesy NYC Streets Renaissance Campaign

Event: Livable Streets: A New Vision for New York opening party 02.07.06, presented by the Municipal Art Society of New York and the New York City Streets Campaign
Presenters: The Open Planning Project, Transportation Alternatives, & Project for Public Spaces
Where: The Urban Center
When: Exhibition: 02.01.06-03.29.06

It was a street rally at the opening of Livable Streets: A New Vision for New York, a collaboration among The Open Planning Project, Transportation Alternatives, and Project for Public Spaces. This exhibition, part of the New York City Streets Renaissance Campaign, explores the relationship between automobiles and quality of life declaring that streets are reclaimable as vital public spaces. On display are images that present problems of urban life among ever increasing traffic conditions; case studies and worldwide precedents present realizable solutions. Impressive is the passion, thought, and organization behind the pedestrians, bike riders, and community residents collaborating on this campaign.

A sense of rebelliousness and grassroots fervency permeated the party where several city councilmen and organization leaders spoke ardently about their dedication to re-imagining the streets of New York City. Paul Steely White, executive director of Transportation Alternatives, called for a city "where people have the right of way!" Mark Gorton of the Open Planning Project challenged politicians to adjust their incentives and expose the Department of Transportation's corruption. Ebullient rhetoric imbued the assembly with passion and determination. Stickball bats were included with every gift bag, offering visions of masses spilling into the streets taking back the city neighborhoods lost to the evils of the automobile… turning a renaissance into a revolution!



Buddakan Collages New Asian Cuisine With Intricate French Design

Buddakan is "the King of Siam meets Louis XVI," according to Liaigre.
Goto Design Group
Described as Chinese meets Parisian in the heart of industrial New York, Buddakan will open February 28 in the Meatpacking district. The Starr Restaurant Organization, which recently made news for opening Morimoto, Tadao Ando's first New York project, hired Christian Liaigre (with NYC-based Goto Design) to design the 16,000-square-foot restaurant seating 260. Fashion industry artistic director Fabien Baron has unified the conceptual themes of the restaurant with his selection of furniture, walls, menus, and even the restaurant's logo.

Nelson-Atkins Designed With Light

The NAMA parking garage doubles as a party venue.
Courtesy Steven Holl Architects
Construction is nearing completion on the new 165,000-square-foot, $200 million Bloch Building at Kansas City's internationally recognized encyclopedic art museum. Designed by Steven Holl Architects, the building, a luminous glass and steel elongated extension is a counterpoint to the 1933 original Beaux-Arts Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art. "The psychological need for natural light, the way that natural light characterizes the horizontal extension of the 840-foot-long gallery sequence is a key aspect," said Holl. He noted that the light changes as well in the underground parking garage, which makes a perfect party location with its undulating ceiling. Taking his advice, the museum held a black tie fundraiser in their award winning (2004 Category One Award of Merit from the International Parking Institute) parking garage. The building is scheduled to open in the spring of 2007.

Yale to Offer Master's Degrees in Green Building Design
Dean Robert A. M. Stern, FAIA, of Yale School of Architecture announced the university will offer a four-year advanced degree program in green building design and development starting next fall. The program combines 90 course credits in the architecture school with 36 in the school of Forestry & Environment Studies. The program will center on sustainable and restorative environmental design seeking to minimize adverse effects on the natural environment and human health, and enhance the beneficial contact between people and nature in buildings.

ASHRAE, USGBC, IESNA Standardize Green Building Practices
The US Green Building Council (USGBC), the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) are co-sponsoring the development of Standard 189, for the Design of High-Performance Green Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings. Minimum requirements provide guidelines for the design of sustainable buildings to balance environmental responsibility, resource efficiency, occupant comfort and well being, and community sensitivity. Using USGBC's LEED Green Building Rating System as a key resource, Standard 189 will drive green building into mainstream building practices.

HPD Releases 2005 Vacancy Survey
Initial results of the Department of Housing Preservation and Development's (HPD) Housing and Vacancy Survey (HVS) show that the City's total inventory of residential units was 3.3 million, the largest housing stock in the 40-year period since the first HVS was conducted in 1965. There were 1,043,677 rent-stabilized units in 2005, and the homeownership rate was 33.3, an all-time high. Neighborhood conditions were the best in recorded history as well. The HVS is a comprehensive housing market survey required every three years by State and City rent-regulation laws, and is designed to determine New York City's overall vacancy rate for rental housing. The comprehensive final report on the 2005 HVS will be released by HPD in 2007. Click the link to view the survey.



AIA Seeks Volunteers for Los Angeles Convention

Courtesy American Institute of Architects
The AIA is calling for individuals to help coordinate the 140+ continuing education seminars onsite at this year's national convention in Los Angeles in June. Volunteers who commit to monitor at least three seminars will receive complimentary convention registration. This is a great opportunity for AIA partners and practitioners to share the podium while earning AIA/CES learning units. For more information contact Beverly Holton at or by phone: 202.626.7445. Deadline for expressing interest is March 15, 2006.

Green Software Available to Architects
To help meet the growing green design information needs of its 77,000 members, the AIA recently signed an agreement to allow its members access to the online sustainable design tools of publisher BuildingGreen, Inc. The agreement provides AIA members with an immediate 30% discount on new and renewed individual subscriptions to BuildingGreen Suite, which includes in-depth articles, case studies, news, and product information. The agreement also outlines a number of ongoing joint initiatives that further the AIA's goals of promoting high-performance design and reducing the energy consumption of buildings, including access for members to articles from BuildingGreen's newsletter, Environmental Building News, through AIA Knowledge Community publications, AIArchitect, and on the AIA Web site (

The AIA and BuildingGreen will work together on several new fronts, bringing important articles and research directly to AIA members, implementing distance learning initiatives, and providing continuing education credits for architects acquiring knowledge through BuildingGreen publications.

AIA San Francisco Launches ArchCasts
As part of the public outreach campaign, AIA San Francisco recently launched ArchCasts, a free downloadable podcast audio program featuring conversations with Chapter members. The series was created to help demystify and explain the design process to the general public. The first two topics available include, "Designing Your Dream Home with an Architect" and "Sustainable Design: What It Is and Why It Matters." ArchCasts are available online at the chapter website and can be downloaded at the iTunes Music Store.

T or F? Reducing Parking Could Lead to More Parking Spaces
By Christopher Stienon, AIA, Transportation and Infrastructure Committee Co-chair

Courtesy, photographer: Dan Burden

Challenging the myth that everyone is entitled to free parking at any time in any location, the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, AIA New York Chapter, hosted the program, "Parking Policy—Best Practices to Meet Community Goals." Jeffrey Tumlin and Adam Millard-Ball of Nelson\ Nygaard Consulting Associates argued that a reduction of parking spaces below the typically accepted parking ratios could be successfully achieved in any community, regardless of the availability of public transportation and without increased traffic congestion and economic hardships to businesses. It was suggested that the apparent shortage of parking is more a reflection of poor parking management than a lack of actual spaces.

Several urban design case studies illustrated how reducing parking can be achieved with a management plan for on-street parking. Pricing parking spaces leads to an increase in availability because there is an incentive to use alternate forms of transportation. Because parking has such a huge impact on the look and organization of our communities, it is clear that greater attention must be given to the development of a more accurate measure of parking demand as well as a more efficient utilization of existing parking spaces.

If the Building Fits…Wear it!
By Erin McCluskey, Program Manager Center for Architecture Foundation

Students look to fashion for inspiration.
Erin McCluskey

The garments displayed in the "Fashion of Architecture: CONSTRUCTING the Architecture of Fashion" exhibition at the Center for Architecture have met their match. After viewing the exhibition, 16 ninth-graders from the Academy of Urban Planning designed buildings inspired by the dresses.

Students worked in groups of four to decide which dress would serve as their inspiration, recording careful sketches of the dresses to present with their building models. Having just begun their spring semester art class, the students were excited to work with fabric, cardboard, paper, wood, found objects, and the always fun hot glue gun. The resulting building models connected colors, shapes, and construction methods with the garments on display.

The Academy of Urban Planning's theme-based curriculum draws students out of the classroom and into their communities, tapping into their innate curiosity for the world around them and developing skills that will move them towards higher education and careers. The Foundation will host more students during Students' Days and is planning an intensive urban design studio course beginning in March. If you are interested in volunteering for any of the Foundation's K-12 education programs, please contact or 212.358.6133.

Fashion of Architecture: CONSTRUCTING the Architecture of Fashion is on view at the Center through March 11.
Exhibition Underwriter: IBEX Construction
Exhibition Lead Sponsor: Herman Miller

Marketing: The Essentials
By Leon Geoxavier, project associate at RAND Engineering & Architecture, PC.

Good marketing is understanding clients' needs and showing them how to reach their goals. David Koren, Assoc. AIA moderated a discussion with Jennifer Green, Maxinne Leighton, Assoc. AIA, and Eulai Labay who outlined the following marketing advice to emerging architects:

  • Focus on your strengths. If you have a specialty, try to obtain clients in that field.
  • Branch out to larger projects gradually. Don't jump into large-scale projects when you've only done small-scale work; try to find a transitional project.
  • Don't spend all your money on a radio or TV ad. Most firms don't report huge gains from general advertising.
  • Keep in touch with former clients. Good word of mouth from a third party is your best form of advertising.

The second Architects in Training Course, "Marketing," hosted by the Emerging NY Architects Committee (ENYA), sponsored by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., was held at the Center for Architecture February 7. For more, check out the Architect's Essentials of Marketing by David Koren, Assoc. AIA, part of the Architect's Essentials of Professional Practice Series books, published by John Wiley & Sons. For more information on the Architects-In-Training Courses, see

April is National Landscape Architecture Month
The American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) has named April 2006 National Landscape Architecture Month. ASLA chapters across the country will celebrate with public outreach activities to help communities "Discover Landscape Architecture," the theme for this year.

Each week throughout April will focus on a different aspect of the profession including landscape architecture's role in security design and disaster preparedness, cultivation of the next generation of landscape architects, green building and sustainable design approaches, and the value of residential landscape architecture. More information on National Landscape Architecture Month is available on the ASLA website.



In the spirit of the Olympics, a noteworthy competition has been announced. Enter your snowboard design in the Design Your Ride competition. Winning designs will be printed and sold as high-end limited edition snowboards. Win your own personalized board, gear, and "sweet prizes." Registration is free and the deadline is 03.03.06. Click the link for more information.



Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum has announced the participants in the 2006 "National Design Triennial: Design Life Now"; New York area names include: Acconci Studio; Deborah Adler for Target Clear Rx; Nicholas Blechman; Thom Browne; Santiago Calatrava, FAIA; Cao/Perrot Studio; James Carpenter Design Associates; COMA; Maria Cornejo; Joshua Davis; Hervé Descottes; Han Feng; Field Operations; Judy Geib; Ron Gilad; Marsha Ginsberg; Hoberman Associates; Kid Robot; Chip Kidd; kOnyk; William and Steven Ladd; Jason Miller; Moorhead & Moorhead; Toshiko Mori Architects; MY Studio; OMA; Orlando Pita; PSYOP; Narciso Rodriguez; Chado Ralph Rucci; Leni Schwendinger; Tom Scott; SHoP/Sharples, Holden, Pasquarelli; Ken Smith Landscape Architect; SpeakUp; Suzanne Tick; Mark Tilden; Trollbäck & Company; Bernard Tschumi Architects; Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates; and Tobias Wong… Professional Women in Construction will confer member recognition awards upon Andy Frankl and Christine Flaherty at their Annual Awards Reception in March…

Yolanda Garcia will be posthumously granted the Yolanda Garcia Community Planner Award, the first annual award to be given in her name by the Municipal Art Society and community development group Nos Quedamos… Gail Sripaipan has won the Illuminating Engineering Society New York Section's competition to design the "Entrance of Illumination" at the upcoming Architectural Digest Home Design Show in New York… The Interior Awards, presented by Contract Magazine, have named Mark Harbick, AIA, Huntsman Architectural Group "Designer of the Year"; other New York area firms recognized include Bentel & Bentel Architects, Lewis.Tsurumaki.Lewis, NBBJ, Perkins+Will, and Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. Bonnie Leigh Slater-Wilson from Parsons The New School for Design won student honors… Mathews Nielsen Landscape Architects has been awarded a 2005 Planning Honor Award by international planning organization The Waterfront Center.

SOSH Architects has been selected to develop a phase-III master plan for the Mohegan Sun Casino in Uncasville, Connecticut… Alice M. Greenwald has been named Director of the WTC Memorial Museum… DMJM Rottet, the interior design practice of DMJM Design has announced openings of a number of new offices to be led by Lauren Rottet, FAIA, IIDA, including a location in New York.



Antoine Predock, FAIA, with his 2006 AIA Gold Metal and halo at the National Building Museum 02.11.06.
Celeste Novak, AIA, LEED-AP

Antoine Predock, FAIA, sports the new trend in archi-wear: cool shoes.
Celeste Novak, AIA, LEED-AP

At Margaret Helfand's 25th Anniversary Party (l-r): Margaret Helfand, FAIA; Suzanne Stephens, Deputy Editor, Architectural Record; Cyndi Stivers, Executive VP, Martha Stewart Living/ Omnimedia; Wendy Moonan, New York Times Antiques Editor; Martha Spanninger, Sr. Supervising Producer, PBS
Kristen Richards

The view from Margaret Helfand's 25th Anniversary Party
Kristen Richards

The Blizzard of '06, all but forgotten now…
Jessica Sheridan, Assoc. AIA

The Upper West Side blanketed in snow.
Jessica Sheridan, Assoc. AIA



Awarded for travel and study with an eye towards sustainability. Three awards will be given to students and practitioners.
Open to all design and development professionals and students, the Prince Georges County Redevelopment Authority in Maryland is calling for visions for future redevelopment of Suitland Manor. This is the largest community rebuilding effort in Prince Georges County to date. The grand prize winner will receive $5,000.
Print is now accepting entries for the 2006 Regional Design Annual. All winning work, in 14 categories, will be organized by region and featured in the December 2006 issue of Print.
NYC design students are invited to participate in the design competition hosted by the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America New York Section; construct a three-dimensional study of how light can reveal, create and transform the unseen.
The blog, Tropolism, is hosting a photo contest to uncover your hidden city. The jury, consisting of bloggers, will judge entries in five categories: Best Hidden Place, Best Density, Best Natural/Urban Overlap, Best Unofficial Landmark, and Best Building.
Article: AIA SPP Knowledge Community Call for Articles
The AIA Small Project Practitioners (SPP) Knowledge Community requests articles and practice tips for the next SPP Journal, "Little Bitty Green Things". Case studies and proven best practices are encouraged on the topic of building green. For more information contact Melissa Strunk at
The New York Building Congress is asking for nominations for the George A. Fox Public Service Award, bestowed annually upon one or more recipients in recognition of outstanding public or building industry service. Winners will be honored at the Leadership Awards Luncheon in May.
The Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture (ACSA) seeks abstracts for papers on design strategies that increase the economic and social performance of affordable housing. Papers will be compiled for use in the forum AFFORDABLE DESIGN: Convening the Conversation held during the 2006 ACD Conference in June.
Co-sponsored by the Massachusetts Architectural Access Board and the Boston Society of Architects, this awards program will recognize excellence in the design of buildings or facilities in Massachusetts that are accessible for persons of all abilities.
The International Interior Design Association and Metropolis are hosting the First Annual Smart Environments Awards recognizing excellence in interior environments in tune with 21st century needs. Submissions will be judged on performance in the categories of design excellence, human wellbeing, and sustainability.
The Boston Center for the Arts announces an open two-phase design competition to transform the Tremont Street plaza and surrounding public spaces in Boston. Monetary awards are offered, along with the opportunity for the winner to provide extended design services for the project's realization.
Rafael Viñoly Architects is accepting fellowship applications to support original research advancing the craft and practice of architecture. Areas of investigation may include design methodologies, construction technologies, design representation and fabrication, materials technology, sustainable design, and other topics. A stipend and research expenses of up to $60,000 will be provided.
The US Green Building Council (USGBC) is hosting a competition focusing on the principles of integrated design, sustainability, innovation, and social consciousness. Geared toward students and emerging professionals, details of the competition vary by region. Each participating USGBC chapter offers a program specific to its geographic location.



Oculus 2006 Editorial Calendar
Ideas/Submissions Deadlines (projects can be anywhere, but architects must be New York-based). Contact: Kristen Richards
March 20: Summer: Architecture as Public Policy
June 20: Fall: Infrastructure New York
September 20: Winter: The Business of Practice

The 2006 AIA New York Chapter Design Awards have a revised schedule:
More information is available on the website
April 14: Entry forms and fees due
May 5: Submission deadline
May 8: Public symposium and award announcements
June 28: Luncheon honoring Design Awards recipients
June 29: Exhibition opens at the Center for Architecture




At the Center for Architecture, 536 LaGuardia Place:


January 26–February 25, 2006

Architecture's 53rd Annual P/A Awards

Gallery: Lecture Hall

Form did not prevail over substance at the 53rd Annual P/A Awards. This year's selections elevated ideas over designs and favored investigations of public terrain over private domains. The jury, which included Frank Barkow, Stephen Cassell, Phyllis Lambert, William E. Massie, and Richard Weinstein, selected eight projects from a research study that investigated expanded programming for infrastructure at a former logging site transformed into an interpretive park.

The winning projects are: Arboretum of the Cascades, Preston, Washington, by Anderson Anderson Architecture; Clifton Arc Gatehouse, University of Cincinnati, by VJAA; Cranbrook Festival Project, Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, by Peter Lynch, Architect, with Harry Giles, Structural Designer; Fresno Metropolitan Museum, Fresno, California, by Michael Maltzan Architecture; Hostler Student Center, American University of Beirut, by VJAA; (Infra)structural_Opportunism: Structural Productivity in Urban Space, San Francisco Bay Area, by Jeannette Kuo; The Arc: A Formal Structure for a Palestinian State, by Suisman Urban Design; Wurster Workshop, University of California at Berkeley, by Anderson Anderson Architecture

Lucy Orta, Nexus Architecture, 2001
Jeff Goldberg/Esto


January 11–March 11, 2006

The Fashion of Architecture
CONSTRUCTING the Architecture of Fashion

Galleries: Judith and Walter Hunt Gallery, Mezzanine Gallery, Kohn Pedersen Fox Gallery, HLW Gallery, South Gallery

Architecture is making its presence felt in fashion as the pliable metals, membrane structures, lightweight glasses and flexible plastics used in building construction are creeping on to the catwalks. At the same time, architects and interior designers are borrowing the techniques of pleating and draping from traditional tailoring to design buildings that are interactive, inflatable, and even portable. Works by practitioners such as Zaha Hadid, Winka Dubbeldam, Shigeru Ban, Kivi Sotamaa, David Adjaye, Block Architecture, 6a Architects, Lars Spuybroek, Stuart Veech and Meejin Yoon are showcased alongside architectonic apparel from fashion mavericks such as Martin Margiela, Hussein Chalayan, Yoshiki Hishinuma, Yeohlee, Pia Myrvold, Yohji Yamamoto, Boudicca, Eley Kishimoto, Kei Kagami, Michiko Koshino, Stéphanie Coudert, Simon Thorogood, Nicola de Main, and Arkadius. The exhibition features a special installation from Paris-based artist Lucy Orta.

Curator: Bradley Quinn, FRSA, a British author and critic based in New York

Exhibition Design: Helfand Architecture

Engineer: Hage Engineering

Lighting Design: Peiheng Tsai Lighting Design

Exhibition Underwriter: IBEX Construction

Exhibition Lead Sponsor: Herman Miller

Additional sponsorship provided by: Interface Flooring Systems

In-kind contribution for the exhibition installation provided by: Jakob Inox Line

Jeff Goldberg/Esto

Related Event

March 4, 2006, 12:00–3:00pm
New Eyes on The City Family Day @the Center


January 5–March 4, 2006

ESTO NOW: Photographers Eye New York

Gallery: Gerald D. Hines Gallery

The multi-media exhibition showcases new photography by six Esto photographers: Peter Aaron; Jeff Goldberg; Peter Mauss; David Sundberg; Jeffrey Totaro; and Albert Vecerka. Highlighted are eight public buildings (many of them award-winners) located in all five New York boroughs: Center for Architecture by Andrew Berman Architect; SoHo Apple store by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson and Ronnette Riley Architect; Shake Shack by James Wines/SITE and Pentagram; New York Hall of Science by Polshek Partnership Architects; Roosevelt Avenue Intermodal Station by FXFOWLE Architects; The Bronx Charter School for the Arts by Weisz + Yoes Architecture; Higgins Hall Center Section, Pratt Institute by Steven Holl Architects and Rogers Marvel Architects; and Staten Island September 11 Memorial by Masayuki Sono.

Esto is the winner of the 2005 Oculus Award.

Exhibition Design: Pentagram

Sponsored by: Dawson Publications and IBEX Construction

Two Columbus Circle (plus)  

October 6–March 4, 2006

Two Columbus Circle (plus): Museum of Arts & Design and Allied Works Architecture

Gallery: Street Gallery

The Museum of Arts & Design presents a preview of its new premises at Two Columbus Circle. Allied Works Architecture is the architect for this transformation and renewal of the long-derelict building into a state-of-the-art, light-filled museum to house MAD's expanding collections and programs.

Sponsored by: Museum of Arts & Design


About Town: Exhibit Announcements

Through 05.05.06
Prairie Skyscraper: Frank Lloyd Wright's Price Tower

Marking the 50th anniversary of the completion of the Price Tower in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, this exhibit includes documents, drawings, furniture, and other artifacts from the building, which was originally conceived as an apartment tower for lower Manhattan. The exhibition installation was designed by Zaha Hadid Architects.

Yale School of Architecture; 80 York Street, New Haven, CT

Wright's Price Tower
Kristen Richards

Through 05.07.06
Beyond Green: Toward a Sustainable Art

23 projects by an emerging generation of international artists/designers explore sustainability, balancing the environmental, social, economic, and aesthetic concerns that are reshaping the fields of architecture and product design.

Museum of Arts & Design; 40 W. 53 St.

Learning Group: "Collected Material Dwelling," 2005; mixed-media installation including recycled cardboard, recycled bottles, fabric, rope, metal, plastic container, and hose.
Courtesy Museum of Arts & Design

Through 05.07.06
Why? 25 Case Studies

Exhibition featuring 25 objects recently acquired by the Museum of Arts & Design, many on display for the first time; interactive labels explain the ideas behind why the pieces were selected for the museum's collection.

Museum of Arts & Design; 40 W. 53 St.

Tom Eckert: Aberrant Ascension, 2002; laminated, turned, and carved linden wood, painted with acrylic waterborne lacquer. Gift of Marcia Docter.
Maggine Nimkin; Courtesy Museum of Arts & Design

About Town: Ongoing and Upcoming

Through 03.29.06
Livable Streets: A New Vision for New York City / The Municipal Art Society

Through 04.02.06
Anarchy to Affluence / Parsons The New School for Design

Through 04.19.06
Bad Design Darts and Other Methods for Community-Led Improvement / The Municipal Art Society

Through 04.23.06
Solos: New Design from Israel / Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum

Through 05.01.06
On-Site: New Architecture in Spain / The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)

Through 05.05.05
Prairie Skyscraper: Frank Lloyd Wright's Price Tower / Yale School of Architecture; 80 York Street, New Haven, CT

Through 05.07.06
Transformed by Light: The New York Night / Museum of the City of New York

Through 05.07.06
Andrea Zittel: Wagon Stations / Whitney Museum of American Art at Altria

Through 05.07.06
Beyond Green: Toward a Sustainable Art / Museum of Arts & Design; 40 W. 53 St.

Through 05.07.06
Why? 25 Case Studies / Museum of Arts & Design; 40 W. 53 St.

Through May 2006
Green Towers for New York / The Skyscraper Museum

Whitney Biennial 2006: Day for Night / The Whitney Museum of American Art

Through November 2006
The Ernst Benkert Travel Desk / Proteus Gowanus


eCalendar now includes the information that used to be found in eOculus' Around the Center, Around the AIA, and Around Town sections. Click the above link to go to to eCalendar on the Web.




Would you like to get your message featured in eOCULUS? Spotlight your firm, product, or event as a marquee sponsor of eOCULUS, the electronic newsletter of the AIA New York Chapter. Sponsors receive a banner ad prominently placed above the table of contents. Your message will reach over 5,000 architects and decision-makers in the building industry via e-mail every two weeks (and countless others who access the newsletter directly from the AIA New York web site). For more information about sponsorship, contact Dan Hillman: or 212.358.6114.

The AIA New York Chapter seeks a Development Associate for Corporate Relations
See for details.

Leading NYC architectural firm is seeking multi-talented individuals with 3-5 years experience who are seeking the opportunity to grow professionally in an expanding award-winning office. Excellent benefits, salary commensurate with experience. Email resume to H. Weber:

LEESER ARCHITECTURE, internationally recognized, award winning, DUMBO based firm seeks Sr. Architect & Intermediate Interior Designer to work on cultural institution projects. Architect with 8+ years experience required. Expertise in detailing and coordinating construction and consultant team documents. Registration desirable. Interior designer with 4+ years experience required. Expertise in finish documentation, FFE coordination and client interface. Strong communication skills a must. Proficiency in AutoCAD required. Great opportunity for growth. Competitive salary. Email resume and salary requirements to

Rand Engineering & Architecture, PC, 50-person Midtown firm, seeks experienced NYS-registered architect with solid background in interior spaces, plan preparation, NYC building code, zoning issues. Exterior envelope repair and restoration experience big plus. Excellent communication skills essential. Resume, salary:; fax (212) 691-7972.

CallisonCallison Architecture is an international design firm with over 550 team members and growing. We are currently seeking a talented Administrative Assistant for our New York Office. This individual is responsible for supporting the administrative needs of the NY office. Responsibilities include word processing, creating/maintaining filing systems, copying, faxing, and administrative telephone backup and marketing support. Candidates need a minimum three years prior administrative assistant experience, advanced knowledge of Microsoft Office Suite and PowerPoint, Ability to type 60 wpm, a client service focus, organizational skills, excellent follow-through skills, and the ability to juggle multiple tasks. This is a full-time position. To apply, send materials to Callison Architecture, 1420 Fifth Avenue, Suite 2400 Seattle, WA 98101 or by email to We are an Equal Opportunity Employer, and value workplace diversity.

GOSHOW ARCHITECTS, a mid-sized architectural firm specializing in educational and federal contracts, seeks a Marketing Coordinator to research leads, prepare proposals, foster new and existing client relationships, coordinate events and photoshoots, and maintain and update all marketing materials. Must be highly-organized, have strong writing skills and a good design eye as well as knowledge of InDesign, Photoshop, and Microsoft Office. Bachelor's degree and prior architectural marketing experience essential. Send resume, sample materials, and salary requirement to

CallisonCallison Architecture is currently seeking talented individuals for a Project Architect position in our New York office. This individual will work semi-independently in a project office environment with frequent communication to project teams in Seattle. Responsibilities for this position include the following: prepare design concepts and translate them into workable construction systems; maintain quality technical and design control; maintain records to document phases of client/architect/consultant/contractor relationship and activities.

Must have experience and working knowledge of retail, mixed-use and commercial projects; be proficient with CADD systems, Photoshop proficiency, electronic documentation and we-based project management processes. This position requires a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Architecture, Interior Design, or related field. Licensure preferred, and minimum of 8-10 years experience.

To apply, send application materials to Callison Architecture, 1420 Fifth Avenue, Suite 2400, Seattle, WA 98101 or by email to

We are an Affirmative Action / EEO Employer who values workplace diversity.

Architecture Research Office seeks qualified individual to coordinate marketing activities. Responsibilities include generation of proposals, production and management of promotional material including brochures and qualifications packages, response to media requests and market research. The ideal candidate will have excellent verbal, written and graphic skills. Experience working with design professionals preferred (2-3 years). Proficiency with Word, Quark, InDesign and Illustrator is essential. Please email resume and cover letter, with Marketing Coordinator in the subject line:

The AIA Contract Documents program
provides proven, consistent, and effective standard form contracts to the building design and construction industry. The program directs its efforts toward improving existing documents and developing new ones. In late 2005 the AIA introduced six new contract documents. These included two new agreements and four new scopes of service documents for use with owner-architect agreements.

Paper Documents
The AIA New York Chapter is a full-service distributor of AIA Contract Documents, which are the most widely used standard form contracts in the building industry. These comprehensive contracts have been prepared by the AIA with the input of contractors, attorneys, architects, and engineers. Typically, industry professionals and home/property owners use these documents to support agreements relating to design and construction services. Anyone may purchase and use the AIA Contract Documents. AIA Members receive a 10% discount. For a full list and order form, see or call 212.358.6113 with your fax number.

Electronic Format Documents
The new AIA Contract Documents software is completely redesigned, based on Microsoft Word, and is easier to use than Word itself. Enter project and document information once and reuse it automatically. E-mail documents as Word or PDF attachments. Print "clean copy" final documents with all changes captured in a special report. Go to for Contract Documents Software Training and to download the AIA Contract Documents software.

If you already have the software, Version 2.0.5: Software Update is now available.

AIA New York Chapter's HOME page
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